Welfare Attitudes ad Expressions of (Trans)national Solidarity

Author(s)
Anna Kurowska, Olga Eisele, Johannes M. Kiess
Abstract

The article explores the extent to which Europeans’ welfare attitudes explain (trans)
national solidarity behavior. We set our analyses against the backdrop of the broader
debate of welfare state consequences: Does a strong welfare state that is considered
to take care of those in need diminish or strengthen citizens’ motivations to become
engaged in helping others? We distinguish individuals’ solidarity behavior toward others
within the welfare state, that is, citizens within one’s country, and outside the welfare
state community of the respondents’ particular country. We further distinguish
different others outside the welfare state, that is, between refugees, taking the refugee crisis in the European Union (EU) as a prime example, and citizens living in other countries—in EU countries and non-EU countries. As far as the main explanatory variables are concerned, we derive from the concept of “multidimensional welfare attitudes” and focus on five crucial dimensions of these attitudes, that is, welfare goals, range, degree, redistribution, and outcome. We draw on data collected within the EU project TransSOL and calculate a set of multilevel logistic regression models controlling for a wide range of individual (sociodemographic, economic, and political) variables. Overall, we observe that a “crowding in” effect, that is, higher support of the welfare state, goes in line with solidarity activity toward others including both “outsiders” and “insiders” of the national community.

Organisation(s)
External organisation(s)
Universität Siegen, University of Warsaw
Journal
American Behavioral Scientist
Volume
63
Pages
492-505
ISSN
0002-7642
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764218823843
Publication date
2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
504007 Empirical social research
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/welfare-attitudes-ad-expressions-of-transnational-solidarity(151d8138-a3aa-4942-9be9-a931e194c2c7).html